What causes cavities?  

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Every person has bacteria that lives in their mouth which can be a good thing. Some bacteria are healthy for your body when consuming food and other activities. However, there are other bacteria that can be harmful. These bacteria will latch on to surfaces, such as teeth, and grow. With other nutrients in your body, these bacteria can coat your teeth, which is called plaque, a substances that eats away at your tooth enamel and causes cavities. Some sugars and bacteria can form acid that can also cause cavities. If left untreated, cavities can get to the root of your tooth and cause intense pain and discomfort as the bacteria decays your tooth from the inside out. There is good news, though! Brushing twice a day and regular visits to your dentist will break up those buildups, and prevent more bacteria from attaching to your teeth.